Tank Mark VIII (E1949.363)

Tank Mark VIII
Tank Mark VIII
Tank Mark VIII
Tank Mark VIII
Tank Mark VIII
Tank Mark VIII
Tank Mark VIII
Tank Mark VIII
Tank Mark VIII
vehicle info
Precise Name
Tank Mark VIII
Other Name
International or Liberty
Main Utility Type
Heavy
Country of Use
U.K.
production
Manufactured
1918, 1918, North Bristol Locomotive Co., United Kingdom
United States of America
Era
World War 1
Nationality
British
location in the museum
The Anglo-American 'International'
When the United States declared war on Germany in 1917 the US Army started to look at tanks. They favoured the American Renault as their light tank but used British Mark V and Mark V* tanks for their heavy battalion. However they had their own ideas on tank design and, in co-operation with the British Tank Corps came up with a new heavy tank design for 1919.

Known as The International, because it was also to be used by the French, whose contribution would be to build, equip and operate a large new factory on a green field site nar Chateauroux, south of Orleans, which in the event was never completed, this huge machine was the first in which the engine was kept separate from the crew. Also for the first time there would be no male and female version, every tank carried six-pounder guns and extra machine-guns in the superstructure. There were slight differences between the American and British versions and by 1918 massive orders had been placed.

Most of these were cancelled at the time of the Armistice but six Mark VIII tanks were completed for Britain, of which this is the sole survivor, and 100 for the U S Army which used them for training well into the thirties. The Mark VIII represents the high point of heavy tank design in the First World War, showing how much progress had been made in little more than two years.

see Classic Military V magazine September 2009.
VEHICLES Features
Full Tracked
Tracks/Wheels
Gun - 2* 6 Pounder (57 mm) Guns
Armament - Main Weapon Type
7* Hotchkiss .303 (7.62 mm) Machine Guns
Armament - Secondary Weapon Type
Ricardo V12, water cooled
Engine
2 Forward, 2 Reverse
Transmission
No sprung suspension
Suspension
Vehicle Statistics
8
Number (Crew)
37tons
Weight (Overall)
5.25mph
Maximum (Speed - Road)
Petrol
Type (Fuel)
16.00mm
Maximum (Armour Thickness)
6pdr
Calibre (Main Gun)
300bhp
Power (Engine Output)
200gall
Volume (Fuel)
55ml
Radius (Range)
208rounds
Number (Projectile)
10.41m
Length (Overall)
3.76m
Width (Overall)
3.12m
Height (Overall)