Amphibious Carrier, M29C (E1951.50)

Amphibious Carrier, M29C
Amphibious Carrier, M29C
vehicle info
Precise Name
Amphibious Carrier, M29C
Other Name
Weasel
Main Utility Type
Transport
Country of Use
U.K.
production
Manufactured
1942, Studebaker, United States
Era
World War 2
Nationality
American
location in the museum
Rhine Crossing
The Weasel, as it was known, was originally developed by the Studebaker Corporation of Suth Bend, Indiana, USA in response to a British order. It goes back to a scheme initiated by the innovative genius Geoffrey Pyke for an over-snow vehicle intended to accompany Commandos on a raid against the German Heavy Water plant in Norway.

In the event it was not used in this way but, on account of its very low ground pressure, proved particularly effective in muddy conditions. The M29C variant on display was modified to give the Weasel an amphibious capability and as such was used by American forces in the Pacific and by the British, particularly in muddy regions such as the Scheldt estuary. In service it was used like a sort of amphibious Jeep. However with its very limited freeboard and poor acquatic propulsion (by the tracks) it tended to get swept along by he tide or current and at imminent risk of sinking in anything but calm water.

After the war they were used extensively by French forces in Indo-China (Vietnam) while in the original, non-amphibious guise by the Royal Marines during winter warfare exercises, mostly towing ski-troops and by a curious twist of fate invariably in Norway.

Steering by controlled differential. Twin rudders (missing on this exhibit) attached to hand wheel. Light weight and wide tracks enabled the vehicle to negotiate deep snow. Important during winter campaigns in Italy, World War 2, as well as in many other parts of the world.
VEHICLES Features
Full Tracked
Tracks/Wheels
None
Armament - Main Weapon Type
Amphibious
Additional Features
Studebaker Model 6-170, 6 cylinder
Engine
3 Forward, 1 Reverse Synchromesh
Transmission
Independent traverse springs
Suspension
Vehicle Statistics
2
Number (Crew)
2.7tons
Weight (Overall)
36.4mph
Maximum (Speed - Road)
4mph
Maximum (Speed - Water)
-mm
Maximum (Armour Thickness)
None
Calibre (Main Gun)
75bhp
Power (Engine Output)
4.4
Length (Overall)
1.7
Width (Overall)
1.78m
Height (Overall)
29gall
Volume (Fuel)